As many as 40 million people smoke tobacco every year, but according to new research from researchers at Imperial College London, the e-cigarettes we use most are not very good.
E-cigarettes deliver nicotine and flavour to the user without the harmful chemicals found in tobacco cigarettes, while also being safer than traditional cigarettes, they say.
They also claim they can help people quit smoking.
The findings are published in the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research.
Read more: What’s the difference between e-cigs and conventional cigarettes?
What are e-cig manufacturers saying about the research?
E-cigarettes are a step closer to a nicotine-free cigarette.
According to the researchers, the new research shows that the use of e-colas by smokers in the UK is less harmful than traditional e-liquids.
In the UK, there are around 300,000 e-smokers who are now trying to quit using traditional cigarettes.
The UK now has the highest proportion of smokers using e-liquid cigarettes in the world, according to figures from the Tobacco Harm Reduction Network.
More than 10,000 of those are in London, according the research, and more than 2,000 use e-vaporisers to smoke the ejuice.
Ejuice that is delivered to the body without burning, however, is more likely to be harmful, the researchers said.
The study looked at how many people in the US and the UK had tried an e-juice and found that e-smoking in the USA was about two to three times as common as smoking in Britain.
“The most common way people smoke is with a cigarette, and if you are not using a cigarette at all, you are more likely than not to be an e‑cigarette user,” said Dr Daniel Rainsford, an associate professor of health behaviour and policy at Imperial.
“It is the most commonly used method of tobacco use and one of the least effective at reducing risk.”
The study used data from the UK’s National Tobacco Survey, a large-scale survey of UK households, to look at e-use.
The survey, which is based on household surveys, covers the whole population.
It covers all ages and all socioeconomic groups.
“The UK has a long history of e‐cigarette use,” said co-author Dr Emma Rees, who is also from Imperial.
“For the past 15 years, we have known about this.
In 2015, we published the first study on the use and effects of e‑cigarettes among young people in England.”
The research used a database of online e-mail messages between users of ejuices and those who were trying to get them off.
They looked at the number of people using ejuicers, the number who were smoking, and the number using eliquid.
The researchers then looked at a range of variables, including smoking rate, amount of nicotine in the liquid, the percentage of time the liquid was being inhaled, and other factors.
“We found that smokers who were using ecigarettes had a higher smoking rate and less than a one-third reduction in their use of nicotine,” Dr Rainsfords said.
“This suggests that the e‐cigarettes used by smokers were more likely that were smoking cigarettes.”
Read More: Nicotine e-toys are being used to help smokers quit.
“The research has shown that e‑cigs are no safer than smoking tobacco, but this is an important step forward in the effort to help people stop using cigarettes,” Dr Rees said.
“If we can show that e‐cigs actually work in helping people to stop smoking, we should be able to move away from a public health view of ecigarettes as less than, but not totally opposed to, smoking.”
E-cigarettes are designed to deliver nicotine by vaporising a liquid nicotine solution onto the tongue.
This helps the user inhale the nicotine, which the body can absorb more easily.
It is believed that ejuicing is safer than using tobacco, and there are no studies that show e-mobiles are more harmful than smoking.
According to Imperial, e-Cigarettes offer an alternative to traditional cigarettes and they have been shown to reduce the risk of many diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease.
For more information, visit the Smoking Help website.
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